Can You Get A Tax Credit If You Lease An Electric Vehicle
No, EV tax credits can only be claimed by the owner of the car in this case, the leasing company. The borrower cannot claim any EV tax credit, no matter how much he pays in rental fees. However, the leasing company may pass on the benefit of the credit to the customer by lowering the monthly rental amount. However, this is completely at its discretion.
Many Electric Vehicles May Not Qualify For The Credit
However, it could be difficult for cars to qualify, he said, depending on where they source their materials and where they complete the manufacturing process. The Alliance for Automotive Innovation has warned that many electric vehicles will be ineligible for the credit right off the bat.
Additionally, another change in the legislation would allow a car buyer who qualifies for the tax credit to transfer it to the dealership, which could then lower the price of the car.
Meanwhile, another modification included in the bill is good news for some electric vehicle manufacturers.
Basically, the existing $7,500 credit was authorized in 2008 and 2009 legislation with the intention of spurring adoption of electric cars. Part of that included a phase-out of the tax credit once a manufacturer reached 200,000 of the vehicles sold.
Tesla hit that threshold in 2018, which means their electric cars currently do not qualify for the tax credit. General Motors is in the same position. Toyota also has now crossed that threshold, and its electric cars are scheduled to be ineligible for the tax credit after a phaseout of it ends in September 2023.
The congressional measure would eliminate that 200,000 sales cap, making their electric cars again eligible for the credit at least based on that sales-threshold removal.
Sourcing Battery Materials For Electric Cars
The impetus for the battery materials sourcing requirements takes a little explanation. Ever since Nixon went to China, the US and Europe have been only too glad to let China supply them with low-cost products. It was an article of faith in the neoliberal playbook that has dominated world financial thinking that outsourcing and offshoring were the keys to never-ending profits. But now the bloom is off the globalization rose. In the words of a popular song by Sting, I will turn your face to alabaster when youll find your servant is your master.
Abigail Wulf, director of the Center for Critical Minerals Strategy at Securing Americas Future Energy , told Wards Auto in a recent interview, While China is not the primary producer of cobalt, nickel and lithium, it is the primary processor of them. The US processes less than 4% of all mineral commodities. Additionally, China produces more than 60% of all cathodes and 80% of all anodes.
China currently controls the processing of nearly 60% of the worlds lithium, 35% of nickel, 65% of cobalt, and more than 85% of rare earth elements, Wulf says, adding that the US imports 100% of its annual graphite requirements, and a majority of that comes from China. The chart below from Benchmark Mineral Intelligence has different figures but the same basic story.
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What Electric Vehicles Could Qualify Under The Latest Tax Credit
Alright, this is probably the main reason why youre here. If you scrolled through the details above, you may want to consider going back and at least skimming, because there are some major changes to federal tax credits to electric vehicles under the Inflation Reduction Act.
Under the terms mentioned above, these are the EVs that could qualify for the full $7,500 credit beginning January 1, 2023.
Please note that the list below features EVs assembled in North America and comes directly from fueleconomy.gov who, like all of us is still figuring out which EVs will actually qualify. Bear with us and trust we will keep this list updated often.
Tax Incentives For Tesla Buyers
If youre a current or prospective Tesla owner and have read this far, youre probably not super psyched right now. Teslas record number of sales is great for the automaker, but not for your tax return, right?
Tesla has compiled its own database of resources by state to help its customers calculate their potential savings before they even commit to buy.
Its also important to note that all incentives mostly apply to purchases by cash or loan only.
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How To Receive The Incentive
The incentive will be applied at the point-of-sale by the dealership. It will appear directly on the bill of sale or lease agreement on eligible ZEVs on, or after, the eligibility date. The dealer must apply taxes and fees to the purchase or lease before applying the incentive.
The dealer must submit the documentation required to be reimbursed for an incentive provided to consumers at the point-of-sale.
The federal incentive for eligible ZEVs will be applied in addition to any provincial or territorial incentive offered.
Claiming The Federal Tax Credit
A tax credit means an EV buyer will receive up to a $7,500 reduction in their tax liability for the year. But this is a flat credit, which means it is only worth the full $7,500 if the individuals tax bill is at least $7,500. If an EV buyer has a tax bill of, say, $3,000 at the end of the year, the EV tax credit can only be a maximum of $3,000. The IRS will not go over and above this total tax liability figure, and in this example, the remaining $4,500 of the EVs total tax credit will not be useable. Furthermore, that unused portion will not apply to future years taxes.
Claiming the federal tax credit occurs when filing a yearly tax return. The IRS has included a section that addresses the purchase of electric vehicles. Like anything else tax-related, it is best to consult an accountant or tax expert to claim an EV tax credit correctly.
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Can I Still Get The Electric Car Tax Credit
The electric car tax credit is still available. However, there are fewer manufacturers on the list than there were when the program first started. You should keep this in mind as youre looking for an electric vehicle to buy.
If youve already bought an electric vehicle, you should check whether or not you qualify for the credit before you prepare your taxes for that year.
If you dont qualify for the federal electric car credit, you should still check state and regional credits. You could get some other kind of incentive from electric car programs closer to home.
Will New Tesla Vehicles Be Eligible For An Electric Vehicle Tax Credit In 2022
The government removed Tesla from the manufacturer list for electric cars. The company has sold more than 200,000 units.
The Department of Energy does not reset the list every year. Rather, theyre slowly shortening the list as companies sell more and more electric and hybrid vehicles.
However, you may still be eligible for electric car incentives locally. Your state or city may have rewards for citizens who drive an electric car.
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Tesla Secures Its Own Exclusive Car Lane At Us
Manchin, long a holdout Democrat who negotiated terms of the deal with Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, had blocked previous climate and social spending proposals.
Manchins office declined to comment. He told reporters last week that he wants automakers to get aggressive and make sure that were extracting in North America, were processing in North America and we put a line on China. I dont believe that we should be building a transportation mode on the backs of foreign supply chains. Im not going to do it.
Stabenow asserted that the bill was written by people who dont understand that manufacturers cant simply flip a switch and create a North American supply chain, though they are working on it. Numerous automakers, including General Motors, Ford, Stellantis, Toyota and Hyundai-Kia, have announced plans to build EV battery plants in the United States.
Katie Sweeney, executive vice president of the National Mining Association, said that industry leaders like the requirement that minerals for batteries be sourced close to home rather than from our geopolitical rivals.
Doing that, she said, directly supports high-paying jobs here in the United States secures our supply chain and really enhances our global competitiveness.
Stabenow said she remains hopeful that the Biden administration can offer the tax credits next year while it works on the detailed rules for the battery requirements.
What Vehicles Qualify For The Ev Tax Credits
We wish we had some concrete examples to give you, but the specific guidelines for the EV tax credit are still being outlined. The plans are set to be finalized at the end of 2022. But, based on what we know, we can make some educated guesses.
It is likely that some Tesla models, the Ford electric vehicles, and the Chevy Bolt can qualify for the new tax credit in 2023 because they are assembled in the United States.
Keep in mind that being assembled in North America is not the only piece of the puzzle. The minerals that make up the battery also need to be sourced within the U.S. or from countries with a free trade agreement. Manufacturers dont typically report this information, so theres no way to gauge exactly where battery minerals are coming from.
Car manufacturers were already planning to expand assembly plants and battery factories within the United States to meet demand, and this bill might be the final push for more.
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What Are The Eligibility Criteria For The Federal Tax Credit For Electric Vehicles
For a car to qualify for such federal tax credit, it must meet a number of criteria. The following are the details:
- The car must be brand new and acquired from a manufacturer. It cant be a kit automobile or a home-built vehicle.
- It must be a hybrid or normal electric vehicle. It shall be propelled by an electric motor, have some onboard battery with the least capacity of 4 kilowatt hour, and be able to draw power from a power source external to the vehicle and a conventional electric and hybrid vehicle that does not be qualified based on these criteria.
- The vehicles gross vehicle rating is limited to 14,000 pounds.
- A vehicle qualifies again for federal tax credit just once during its lifetime.
- The tax credit is only available to the original buyer/owner and is not transferable. The tax credit belongs to the producer or leasing firm as the automobile owner in a lease arrangement and generally, the federal credit factors in to the cost in case of lease of a car.
- The car should not be purchased just for the intention of reselling it.
- The vehicle must be acquired with the intention of being used mostly in the United States. Tax credit eligibility may be lost if a vehicle is transferred to another nation.
How Will These Benefits Help Car Buyers
With all of the stipulations for an EV to qualify for the credit, it might seem like a losing battle. But as more car companies take advantage of the manufacturing incentives within the IRA, we can assume that more production facilities will be added in the United States, increasing the number of cars that can qualify for the credit.
The intent of passing this legislation is to make renewable energy and electric vehicles more affordable for a larger group of Americans. The EV incentives will help make the choice between a new combustion engine vehicle and an EV easier for car buyers.
It is important to note that charging an EV with solar panels is the cheapest way to power a car. You can charge your car for under $500 a year, versus spending thousands of dollars on gas. If you are eager to switch to renewables, the tax credits available under the Inflation Reduction Act will reduce the upfront cost, but also reduce costs over your lifetime.
Reducing the upfront cost of the vehicle is probably the best thing to come out of this. Because the EV tax credit cannot be carried over year after year, if you do not owe $7,500 in taxes, you will not get the full amount back. So having the ability to use that money as a down payment instead will go a long way for Americans.
Find out how much you can save by charging your EV with solar panels
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Vehicles Purchased And Delivered Between August 16 2022 And December 31 2022
If you purchase and take possession of a qualifying electric vehicle after August 16, 2022 and before January 1, 2023, aside from the final assembly requirement, the rules in effect before the enactment of the Inflation Reduction Act for the EV credit apply . If you entered into a written binding contract to purchase a new qualifying vehicle before August 16, 2022, see the rule above.
Learn More About Tax And Business From The Experts
There are a lot of misconceptions about the federal electric car credit. But, we hope that this in-depth article answered any and all questions you have.
But, there are more money-saving tips where that came from.
Our experts at Tax Savers can help you with all kinds of tax questions you may have. Check out the tax section of our blog for more.
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How Much Is The Federal Tax Credit
First and foremost, its important to understand three little words the government slips in front of the $7,500 credit may and up to. As in, you may qualify for up to $7,500 in federal tax credit for your electric vehicle. At first glance, this credit may sound like a simple flat rate, but that is unfortunately not the case.
For example, if you purchased a Ford F-150 Lightning and owed say, $3,500 in income tax this year, then that is the federal tax credit you would receive. If you owed $10,000 in federal income tax, then you would qualify for the full $7,500 credit.
Its important to note that any unused portion of the $7,500 is not available as a refund, nor as a credit for next years taxes. Bummer.
However, under new terms of the tax deal, you may be able to snag that credit up front at the point of sale of your EV. More on that below.
Transition Rule For Vehicles Purchased Before August 16 2022
If you entered into a written binding contract to purchase a new qualifying electric vehicle before August 16, 2022, but do not take possession of the vehicle until on or after August 16, 2022 , you may claim the EV credit based on the rules that were in effect before August 16, 2022. The final assembly requirement does not apply before August 16, 2022.
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Eligible Cars And Suvs
The Energy Department has released a list of car models that are likely eligible for the credit. To know for sure if a vehicle qualifies, motorists should check using their car’s Vehicle Identification Number in the VIN decoder, the agency said.
“ome models are produced in multiple locations,” and that location can also vary for different model years or trim levels for the same vehicle, according to the government.
2022 models that likely qualify for a tax credit under the Inflation Reduction Act
- BMW 330e and X5
2023 models that likely qualify:
- BMW 330e
- Mercedes EQS SUV
- Nissan Leaf
That list doesn’t include the most popular EVs sold in the U.S., including those made by Tesla. While they’re assembled in North America, they don’t currently qualify for the credit because their makers have gone over a sales cap allowed under a previous law. That sales cap will be lifted in 2023, when other requirements, including those on batteries, come into play.
As a result, these electric cars are ineligible for a credit under the new inflation law: Chevrolet Bolt EV and EUV GMC Hummer Pickup and SUV and Tesla Model 3, Model S, Model X and Model Y vehicles. The agency didn’t specify whether any EVs made by Toyota are eligible for a tax break.
How Do Cars Qualify For The Electric Vehicle Tax Credit
To qualify for the electric vehicle tax credit, the car must have a battery that can be plugged in to recharge, and the battery storage capacity must be calibrated in kilowatt hours. Clean-diesel vehicles no longer qualify. Other requirements include:7
- The vehicle must be produced by a manufacturer as electric powered, not converted to electric from gas.
- It must be classified as a motor vehicle under the Clean Air Act, primarily used on public streets. Off-road vehicles, like golf carts or rail cars, do not qualify.8
- Gross weight under 14,000 lbs.
- It must be propelled to a significant extent by an electric motor that draws power from a rechargeable battery with at least 4 kilowatt hours capacity.
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Other Federal Tax Credit Rules To Note As An Electric Vehicle Owner
Hopefully you better understand how the government determines its tax credits for individuals based on your federal income tax and vehicle, but its important to stay aware of additional fine print. This is the US government, after all.
First, understand that these federal tax credits will not last forever, and they may have already expired for your vehicle. As the demand for electric vehicles increases, sales push certain manufacturers over the predetermined threshold of qualified sales at least for now.
This includes US automakers like Tesla, who topped over 200,000 qualified plug-in electrics sold a few years ago, and as a result no longer qualifies for any federal tax credit. Fear not, Tesla owners, there are still ways to save money on your EV purchase! See the tax incentives for Tesla buyers section below.
Other automakers like General Motors have also reached that threshold and could benefit from revised legislation to reinstate the credit.. more on that later. Most recently, Toyota announced its on the verge of passing 200,000 EVs sold therefore losing eligibility for federal tax credits.
At this rate, the Japanese automaker expects to hit 200k in late June of 2022. If that is the case, credits for Toyota EVs will be phased out gradually into 2023, so you may still qualify for a credit, but it will be dwindling on borrowed time.
Can a household receive multiple Federal tax credits?
Again, speak with a tax professional or the IRS to be certain this is possible.