Understanding Ev Tax Credits After The Inflation Reduction Act Of 2022
If you’re shopping for an electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle , it’s important to note that the Inflation Reduction Act of August 2022 brought major changes to federal EV tax credits. Some of the new rules already apply, while many will take effect on January 1, 2023. Highlights include:
- Effective immediately, qualifying vehicles must be assembled in North America.
- Starting in 2023, increasing percentages of battery minerals and components must be sourced from the U.S. or from one of its free-trade partners.
- There are significant new eligibility limits on both the price of the vehicle and the income of the buyer if either figure is too high, no credit for you.
- Used EVs sold by dealers will be eligible for a one-time tax credit.
- The manufacturer vehicle sales cap will go away, meaning brands such as Chevrolet, Tesla and Toyota that reached the previous 200,000-unit limit can once again offer these incentives starting in 2023.
- Starting in 2024, a new mechanism will allow buyers to take the EV tax credit directly from the dealer at the point of sale rather than having to wait for the next tax season.
What Are The Electric Vehicle Tax Credits
The Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit , which is now known as the Clean Vehicle Credit, was amended by the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 , and a new requirement for final assembly in North America was added as a result of this legislation.
This requirement went into effect on August 17, 2022.
Section 30D of the Internal Revenue Code offers a credit for Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicles, such as passenger cars and light trucks.
The credit for automobiles obtained after 12/31/2009 is $2,500 + $417 plus an extra $417 for each kilowatt hour of battery capacity above 5 kilowatt hours. The maximum amount of credit available for a vehicle is $7,500.
When at least 200,000 eligible vehicles created by a manufacturer and sold for use in the United States, the credit begins to phase out for that companys vehicles.
Who Can File Form 8: Qualified Plug
To be eligible for the electric vehicle tax credit, a taxpayer must have purchased their four-wheeled electric plug-in vehicle during or after 2010, or their two-wheeled plug-in vehicle between 2015 and the end of 2021, as noted above, and begun driving it in the same year when the credit is claimed. The vehicle must be new at the time of purchase there is no tax credit for used electric vehicles.
The credit cannot be claimed by the drivers of leased vehicles. It will instead go to the manufacturer offering the lease. The tax credit may be partially factored into the lease costs, so the customer may see some benefit.
Plug-in hybrid vehicles also qualify for the tax credit. The 2021 Toyota Prius Prime, for example, qualifies for the tax credit due to its plug-in recharging capabilities. However, the standard 2021 Toyota Prius does not because the vehicle does not plug in to recharge.
Under IRC 30D, the tax credit phases out for a manufacturers four-wheeled vehicles over the one-year period beginning with the second calendar quarter after the 200,000th sale. During the phaseout period, qualified vehicles are still eligible for 50% of the credit if purchased within the first two quarters, or 25% of the credit if purchased in the third or fourth quarter. Vehicles purchased by that manufacturer beyond the phaseout period are no longer eligible for the tax credit.
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The 2022 Ev Tax Credit
Thanks to previous legislation, the Federal EV Tax Credit in 2022 offers taxpayers up to $7,500 in non-refundable credit on their 2022 taxes for purchasing a new EV. The only disqualifications from the credit were for electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles with a battery smaller than 7kWh or vehicle models that have already met the 200,000 units sold manufacturers sales cap .
Thanks to amendments to tax law provided by the Inflation Reduction act, qualifying EVs under the previous tax law purchased after August 16, 2022 and before January 1st, 2023, also must be assembled in North America to qualify for the Tax Credit at all. This eliminates a lot of EVs, dropping the qualifiers down to only 18 vehicles at the time of writing:
- 2022 BMW X5 xDrive45e
- 2022 Chrysler Pacifica PHEV
- 2022 Ford Mustang MACH E
- 2022 Jeep Grand Cherokee 4xe
- 2022 Jeep Wrangler 4xe
- 2023 BMW X5 xDrive45e
- 2023 Jeep Grand Cherokee 4xe
- 2023 Jeep Wrangler 4xe
What Is Form 8: Plug
The Internal Revenue Service offers tax credits to owners and manufacturers of certain plug-in electric drive motor vehicles, including passenger vehicles, light trucks, and two-wheeled vehicles. Taxpayers who own vehicles that qualify may file Form 8936 with their income taxes to claim the tax credit.
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Electric Car Tax Credit: What Is Form 8834
Do you qualify for the electric car tax credit? Learn how Form 8834 can help you reap the tax benefits if youve purchased or used an electric car in a previous tax year.
There are several benefits to owning an electric car. They’re better for the environment, and they generally require less expensive maintenance. There’s also an electric car tax credit that you might be able to claim. Let’s take a closer look at what the electric vehicle tax credit is, along with the form Form 8834 you’ll need to claim this benefit.
How Much Is The Federal Tax Credit
First and foremost, its important to understand three little words the government slips in front of the $7,500 credit may and up to. As in, you may qualify for up to $7,500 in federal tax credit for your electric vehicle. At first glance, this credit may sound like a simple flat rate, but that is unfortunately not the case.
For example, if you purchased a Ford F-150 Lightning and owed say, $3,500 in income tax this year, then that is the federal tax credit you would receive. If you owed $10,000 in federal income tax, then you would qualify for the full $7,500 credit.
Its important to note that any unused portion of the $7,500 is not available as a refund, nor as a credit for next years taxes. Bummer.
However, under new terms of the tax deal, you may be able to snag that credit up front at the point of sale of your EV. More on that below.
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Are There Any State Programs I Can Take Advantage Of
Do remember that the Federal government is not the only body you can claim a tax credit from. There are dozens of programs run by states and even regions that can offer tax credits on electric cars and other vehicles that take advantage of alternative fuels.
Many states have multiple programs, but the problem is most of them apply only to businesses. A lot of credits are in the form of exemptions, such as inspections and fees. Some programs even offer access to carpool lanes and regional free or reduced parking.
Retail buyers do have some options, though. They can claim rebates, tax credits, and reductions on vehicle taxes by purchasing a qualifying vehicle.
California is one such state that does this. If you buy or lease a new car, like the Chevrolet Bolt or the Jaguar I-Pace, you can receive a rebate of $2,500. These programs are in addition to the Federal tax credit. So, Californians can shave off up to $10,000 off the cost of a new model.
On the other hand, Plug-in hybrids work a little differently because their batteries are smaller, and they burn some form of petroleum-based fuel most of the time. Cars like the Chevrolet Volt are only eligible for $1,500 rebates in California.
It would help if you looked up Plugin America for more information. They provide a map of the country and all the different plug-in car rebates, credits, and deductions. The Department of Energy also offers a similar resource.
Check Out Our Complete Breakdown Of State Tax Incentives Sorted By State
In additional to any federal credit you may or may not qualify for, there are a number of clean transportation laws, regulations, and funding opportunities available at the state level.
For example, in the state of California, drivers can qualify for a $2,000-$4,500 rebate or a grant up to $5,000 under the Clean Vehicle Assistance Program on top of any federal credit received . Furthermore, states like California offer priority driving lanes and parking spots for EV drivers who qualify.
In New York, residents can receive either a $500 or $2,000 rebate depending on the base price of the EV purchased. Again, these incentives vary by state, and much like the federal tax credit, are contingent on multiple factors.
Want to learn more? Of course you do! Luckily, weve compiled each and every state rebate, tax credit, and exemption for you and sorted it by state. Whether its a purchase or lease of a new or used EV, or the purchase and/or installation of an EV charger, you could get money back, depending where you live.
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What Form Does The Electric Car Credit Go On
The tax credit for electric cars goes on Form 1040, Schedule C. This is the form for claiming business expenses.
The Internal Revenue Service provides tax credits to owners and manufacturers of certain plug-in electric drive motor vehicles such as passenger vehicles, light trucks, and two-wheeled vehicles. Individuals who own a qualifying vehicle can claim a tax credit by filing Form 8936 with their income tax return. In the case of new electric vehicles, the purchase price does not qualify for a tax credit in the case of used electric vehicles, the purchase price does not qualify for a tax credit. In some cases, a tax credit may be partially offset by leasing costs, allowing the customer to benefit. The tax credit for a four-wheeled vehicle is phased out over the course of the year. Beginning in 2022, there will be tax credits available for electric vehicles for both four- and two-wheeled vehicles. Tesla vehicles are not eligible for the program in 2022. The Senate voted in August 2021 to raise the price limit for eligible electric vehicle buyers from $40,000 to $50,000.
Do Any Electric Cars Qualify For New Tax Credit
The answer to this question depends on a few factors, including the type of electric car and the country in which it is being purchased. In the United States, for example, there is a federal tax credit available for certain types of electric cars, but not all of them qualify. Factors that can affect whether or not an electric car qualifies for the credit include its range, its battery size, and whether or not it is considered a hybrid.
Electric vehicle sales are expected to surge next year as a result of increased government incentives. In addition, because California plans to ban the sale of new gas-powered passenger vehicles by 2035, electric vehicles will become more popular. Because of the fine print, new vehicles are not always clear on which ones qualify for the program. New tax credits for plug-in electric vehicles went into effect on January 1. After December 31, 2023, a new $4,000 tax credit will be available for used electric vehicles. Beginning in 2024, if any minerals or components come from foreign entities of concern, the vehicle will be ineligible for a tax credit. Electric vehicle owners would receive a $7,500 federal tax credit under legislation passed by the House and Senate.
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What Are The Current Electric Vehicle Credits Before The Terms Change
As youll see from the rather barren list below of EVs that might qualify under the new terms of the Inflation Reduction Act, a majority of EVs currently available for credits to US consumers will soon no longer qualify.
That isnt to say they wont be back on in the yes column come January 1, 2023 since many of these automakers do have North American production facilities. Other EVs like Rivian models for example are American made, but some are priced above the $80k threshold for trucks.
Fisker has been long touting is flagship Ocean SUV as an EV priced below $30k for those who qualify for the entire $7,500 credit. However, under the new terms, the Austrian built SUV will qualify for zero federal credits. That being said, its current MSRP of $37,499 is still pretty enticing, but this is a major blow to its marketing strategy to the point that the American automaker is now considering adding US production for the Ocean.
The quick workaround that felt like a mad scramble was some verbiage allowing for written binding contracts under a transition rule in the Inflation Reduction Act. That rule allowed consumers to still qualify if they signed the binding contract before the date of bill being signed into law, even if the car is delivered after the bill is signed. This is covered on page 393-394 of the bill.
Used Vehicles Now Qualify
In the past, EV tax credits were only obtainable when buying new vehicles. That has now changed under the Inflation Reduction Act, which in 2023 will introduce a tax credit for pre-owned clean vehicles that are two or more years old, cost $25,000 or less, weigh less than 14,000 pounds, and are purchased from a dealer. The credit covers up to 30% of the purchase price and is capped at a maximum of $4,000.Again, you wont currently find many options in that price range. However, that could be subject to change as the market matures. Notably, used vehicles dont need to comply with the made-in-America requirements.
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Are There Any Expired Programs
Hybrids and clean-diesel cars used to qualify for tax credits, but these were discontinued in December 2010. In addition, models like the Toyota Prius and the Hyundai Sonata Hybrid dont have batteries that can be charged from an external source, so theyre no longer relevant for electric vehicle incentives.
Irs Electric Vehicle Tax Credit Form
The IRS electric vehicle tax credit form can help you save money on your taxes if you purchase an electric vehicle. The credit is worth up to $7,500, and you can claim it on your federal income tax return. To qualify, you must purchase an electric vehicle that is powered by a battery with at least 4 kilowatt-hours of capacity. The credit is available for both new and used electric vehicles.
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Get The Full Ev Charger Tax Credit By December 31 2021
Incentives such as the electric car credit make it easier for people to switch from gas-powered vehicles. A qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle, such as a car, truck, or SUV, can qualify for the credit. There is also a credit available for plug-in electric vehicles that are two- or three-wheeled. The credit is available to vehicles purchased before August 17, 2022. Owners of new EV vehicles may still take advantage of the incentive even if they do not purchase the vehicle until after August 16, 2022. Electric vehicle charging tax credits differ from other tax credits. You only need to buy and install a ChargePoint Home Flex EV charger to use it. Even if you do not obtain the charger until after December 31, 2021, you may be able to claim the credit on your federal tax return. As a result, even if you postpone purchasing an electric car until later in the year, you can still apply for the full credit.
The Biden Administration Continues To Expand Ev Adoption
President Biden first vowed to make the nations entire federal fleet all-electric. The White House has introduced two bills to expand EV adoption, one of which was signed by the President and includes funding for heavily expanded EV charging infrastructure.
Previously, there were rumors that the federal tax credit would be increased to $10,000. In President Bidens previous $174 billion investment plan for electrification, the tax credit was quickly mentioned as a reform. However, the summary remained vague about the reform only confirming that it will not only take the form of tax rebates but also point of sale rebates and it will now be for American-made EVs.
The second and larger bill sat within Bidens Build Back Better Act and subsequent increases to the federal tax credit, but it couldnt get past the Senate in late 2021. At that point, the revamped tax credit we all have sought was in limbo, possibly DOA. Until this past summer
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Is There An Income Limit For Claiming The Electric Vehicle Tax Credit
In August 2021, the U.S. Senate approved a nonbinding resolution to set a $40,000 limit on the price of electric cars eligible for the current tax credit. It would also limit the income of buyers to $100,000 or less. However, the measure must still make it through the U.S. House of Representatives before it is passed into law.
Additionally, there are other active efforts to reform federal electric vehicle incentives. The most promising effort is the Clean Energy for America Act, which would increase the maximum tax credit to $12,500 and remove the 200,000-qualified-vehicle limit. This would allow Tesla and General Motors vehicles to qualify once again. It also proposes a price limit on electric vehicles, but a higher one than the Senate passed, at $80,000.